No matter what your instinctive reaction may be, it’s always better to stay calm in an emergency. Accidents happen all the time; in fact, they’re so common that it’s entirely possible that someday soon one will happen to you. And if that happens, chances are good that someone nearby will have a cell phone with them and can call 911 on your behalf. You should still know how to treat injuries until help arrives, after all, saving lives is every person’s responsibility.
Treating a Basic Cut:
One of the most common injuries is a cut. Whether it’s from a sharp object or from being scraped against a rough surface, cuts can bleed profusely if they’re not treated properly. To stop the bleeding, hold a clean cloth against the cut and apply pressure. If the cut is more than a quarter-inch deep, it’s important to seek medical attention right away. If it’s a minor cut and it’s not bothering you, you can leave it alone, just make sure to keep the area clean so that it doesn’t become infected.
Treating a Bruise:
Bruises are another common injury, and they can be caused by anything from a fall to a bump against a hard surface. The best way to treat a bruise is to apply ice to the area for fifteen minutes at a time, several times throughout the day. You can also take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to help reduce the pain and swelling. If the bruise is on an arm or leg, you can also wrap it in an elastic bandage to help keep the swelling down.
Treating a Burn:
Burns is one of the most painful injuries out there, but fortunately, they’re not usually life-threatening. However, it’s still important to take care of a burn properly so that it doesn’t become infected. To treat a burn, run cool water over the area for fifteen minutes, then apply a moisturizing cream or lotion. If the burn is more serious, seek medical attention right away.
Treating a Sprain:
A sprain is an injury to one or more ligaments in the body, and it’s often caused by twisting or turning an ankle wrong. The best way to treat a sprain is with ice and compression. Ice the area for fifteen minutes at a time, then wrap it in an elastic bandage. You can also take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to help reduce the pain. If the sprain is more serious, seek medical attention right away.
Treating a Concussion:
A concussion is a brain injury that can be caused by a fall, a motor vehicle collision, or even a sports-related injury. If you think someone may have a concussion, it’s important to seek medical attention right away. Until help arrives, however, you can help protect the person’s head and neck by carefully moving them into the recovery position. You should also monitor their breathing and pulse, and if they lose consciousness or start vomiting, call 911 immediately.
If you’re the type of person who panics when they see someone is injured, take a deep breath and stay calm. Accidents happen all the time and knowing how to treat an injury until help arrives, no matter what kind it may be, can save lives.