A typical case of the first aid for a sprain is simple and quick to diagnose. The injured area is properly diagnosed in the case of minor sprains and can be safely attended to immediately before serious damage occurs. Many times, the initial diagnosis of a sprain may be the cause of the injury, so the initial evaluation should be done immediately.
For those who are unfamiliar with the term, a sprain is a kind of strain. The injury itself has been caused by an external force, but in many cases, the ligament or joint has been damaged internally. In such a situation, any medical attention must be immediately sought, even if the pain will not subside.
Sprain First Aid
When a sprain occurs, the injured area may experience an aching sensation. The patient may experience tenderness in the joint or deep, pressing pain. The most common cause of a sprain is in contact with a hard surface. For instance, a person might be kicked while attempting to play a sport or even from being hit by a hard object.
Sprain first aid must be taken immediately before the condition worsens. It is critical that this first aid is followed up in order to prevent any long-term problems or serious injuries. If it is recognized early on that the injury will only worsen over time, then most likely the individual would have acted earlier to seek medical attention.
Another condition that could cause a sprain is a fracture. An individual may also be injured by blunt trauma to the joint. The third most common reason for a sprain is a muscle strain.
Where Sprains Usually Occur
Even major injuries are not always easy to detect. In fact, the likelihood of these types of injuries is very high, as they tend to occur from many different locations in the body. The most common location for a sprain is the knee, as the ligaments that attach the thighbone to the shinbone are often placed in a weakened state.
The most common reason for it to occur in the ankle is a strain. The cause of a sprain is quite simple and not much more complicated than a normal occurrence. An individual will experience some kind of trauma to the joint, which will cause the ligaments to stretch.
The amount of pain experienced can vary greatly. Some people may not notice any pain at all, while others may feel the onset of weakness or a pinching sensation. No matter what type you experience, the condition is caused by a stretching of the ligaments, which will eventually tear the ligament itself.
Factors Involved In A Sprain
Although many factors can be involved, in most cases the basic symptoms are related to a loosening of the ligaments. The pain will begin as the ligament stretches. But once it reaches a certain point, the pain may even reach the point of numbness. The most common location for a sprain is the knee, but it can also occur in the ankle, shoulder, hip, and even the chest.
Sprained arms are also quite common. This type of sprain typically occurs due to a misalignment of the arm, with the patient usually feeling pain in the area. This type will actually occur quite quickly. As the muscles surrounding the joint will begin to tighten, as they contract against the area of the injury.
Rotator Cuff Sprain
Another common condition is a rotator cuff sprain. It is an injury that involves the shoulder. And the rotator cuff is the group of muscles that cover the shoulder joint. A person who has this type of sprain will feel pain in the shoulder area. The individual will also experience a slight amount of weakness in the area.
When the affected area is overused, a person will feel pain on the right side shoulder. In order to treat it, the affected area must be moved out of the way. Then, it must be held still until the patient is comfortable enough to go about his/ her normal daily routine.