Injuries are practically inevitable in emergency situations. There’s a chance you get hurt by whatever’s causing the emergency; for instance, you could get burned in a fire, or you could get struck by toppling debris during an earthquake. But injuries are also sustained during the panic that ensues in an emergency. In the rush to get away from danger, you could sprain your ankle or suffer an open wound.
Remember the “Three P’s.
- Check the scene for danger before you provide help.
- To treat cuts and scrapes, apply gentle pressure, disinfectant, and bandages.
- To treat sprains, apply ice and compression at intervals and keep the limb elevated.
- To treat heat exhaustion, use cool fluids, cool cloths, and shade.
- To treat hypothermia; use warm fluids and warm covering.
- To treat burns, determine the burn type and severity. Cover the wound with loose cloth to prevent infection.
- Use an EpiPen to treat allergic reactions
- To treat fractures, keep the fractured area stable and immobilized, and apply a cold pack.
- Perform CPR if an injured person stops breathing.
First Aid Checklist PDF
It’s important that you commit these 10 golden rules to memory. Even if you’re not injured, you might encounter someone who is, and who needs treatment.
Always attempt to seek professional medical help for injured persons. First responders are not always readily available during emergency situations, and if that’s the case, do your best to provide what treatment you can until help arrives. But never forget that serious injuries always require more advanced treatment, and you should do your best to get the injured person to professional caregivers.
Nonetheless, these simple first aid procedures can go a long way in helping someone who’s injured, and all you need to do is use a few materials in your survival kit and apply them in right manner. Read through these detailed guides on all 10 items.
1. The “Three P’s”
The “Three P’s” are the primary goals of first aid. They are:
- Preserve life
- Prevent further injury
- Promote recovery
These goals might seem overly simple, but they’re simple on purpose. When someone is injured, it’s all-too-easy to panic and forget what you need to do to provide assistance. The Three P’s remind you of the very basics: do what you can to save the person’s life; do what you can to keep them from sustaining further injuries; do what you can to help them heal.
2. Check the Scene for Danger
Before you provide help to an injured person, it’s important that you check the scene for danger. You don’t want to get yourself injured, too. This isn’t a cowardly precaution. The fact of the matter is this: if you get injured, you won’t be able to help someone else who’s injured. So before you rush to help someone, take a moment to analyze the area and spot anything that could injure you. Once you’ve assessed these dangers, you can better strategize how to reach and rescue the injured person.
3. Treating Cuts and Scrapes
Blood is a vital component of our bodies. When someone is bleeding, you want to prevent as much blood from leaving their body as possible. Try and find a clean cloth or bandage. Then:
- Apply gentle pressure for 20 to 30 minutes.
- Clean the wound by gently running over it. Avoid using soap on an open wound.
- Apply antibiotic to the wound, like Neosporin.
- Cover the wound with a bandage
- If someone has a nosebleed, have the person lean forward. Press a cloth against the nostrils until the blood flow stops.
- The body is usually very quick at patching up small cuts and scrapes. But deeper wounds may require medical attention. With deep wounds:
- Apply pressure.
- Don’t apply ointments. Cover the area with loose cloth to prevent contaminants from infecting the wound.
- Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
These are important tips for CPR and first aid.