Identifying the burn degree is vital before using the first aid treatment. It is essential to distinguish between a severe burn case and a minor burn. However, there are three classifications of burn – second-degree burn, first-degree burn, and third-degree burn. Hence, after you identify the wound, you can determine the immediate emergency care required.
It is not a severe burn case, and the burn is limited only to the epidermis of the skin. Moreover, the skin becomes red, followed by pain and swelling. Even the outer layer does not significantly in the case of the first degree. This minor burn can be treated at home easily unless any substantial portions of feet, hand, face, or buttocks are injured.
When the burn affects the second layer of the skin, i.e., dermis, after penetrating the first layer, it is termed as the second-degree burn. Some blisters developed, followed by intensely reddened skin and splotchy appearance. It involves severe swelling and pain.
First Aid Treatment
The following first aid emergency care can be taken unless the medical assistance is available for burns that are limited to a specific area or not more than 2-3 inches:
Cooldown the affected spot by holding it under cold running water for a minimum of 10 mins or unless the pain subsidies. If it does not work, you can dip the affected area in a bowl of cold water. A cold compresses can also work well. Cooling down the area can reduce the effect of swelling. Do not use ice cubes directly on the affected region.
Use a sterilized gauze to cover up the burn area. The non-adhesive bandage is the best option. Moreover, avoid using fluffy cotton because it may irritate the skin or stick to it. Wrap up the dressing properly. Make sure to avoid any pressure. Keep the wrap loose enough.
Over-the-counter pain relief medicine can be helpful, which includes ibuprofen or paracetamol. Children and teenagers should avoid taking aspirin.
This is the most severe kind of burn. It involves all the layers of skin. Often, the most severe burns are not at all painful. In the third-degree burn case, even the bone, muscle, and fat can be affected. The affected area may appear white and dry or charred black. Difficulty in exhaling and inhaling and carbon monoxide poisoning are common effects. Other severe conditions can also occur due to smoke inhalation.
First Aid Treatment
Medical emergencies should be the foremost concern. But until medical help arrives, you can follow the below-mentioned steps:
Do not remove the burnt clothes. Moreover, make sure the victim is not in contact with the molding materials. Remove him from the accident area to avoid exposure to heat or smoke.
Avoid immersing the severely burn areas in cold water. It can lead to shock.
Make sure about the signs of circulation. In case there is no breathing or circulation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be given.
Cover the burn area using a sterile bandage, moist towels, or moist cloth.