Stroke first aid is a set of initial measures that can be taken to provide support for someone who is having a stroke. The aim of stroke first aid is to provide support until emergency medical services arrive.
Identify a stroke:
The most important step in stroke first aid is to identify a stroke and call emergency services. A person having a stroke will often experience sudden changes in their mental state, vision, and ability to speak. They may also have difficulty walking. If you think someone is having a stroke, call emergency services immediately.
While waiting for emergency services to arrive, there are several things you can do to support the person who is having a stroke. You can help them stay comfortable and avoid any further injury. You can also provide basic care, such as checking their blood pressure and heart rate and helping them drink fluids.
If the person has a severe stroke, they may require treatment with medications or surgery. Some people may also need rehabilitation. There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to provide first aid for a stroke may vary depending on the situation. However, some general tips on how to provide first aid for a stroke include:
Identifying a stroke and calling emergency services
Providing basic care, such as checking blood pressure and heart rate, and helping the person drink fluids
Helping the person stay comfortable and avoiding any further injury
Remember that stroke first aid is only a temporary measure, and emergency medical services should be contacted as soon as possible.
If you are unsure of how to provide first aid for a stroke, it is best to contact emergency services for instructions. They will be able to provide specific instructions on how to best support the person who is having a stroke. Remember to stay calm and keep the person safe until help arrives.
Mild stroke first aid:
If you think someone is having a mild stroke, first ask them to smile and see if one side of the face droops. If it does, that person might be having a mild stroke.
If you think someone is having a mild stroke, call 9-1-1 right away. While waiting for help to arrive, ask the person to hold their arms out straight and to twist their hands back and forth. If one arm or hand drifts downward, that person might be having a mild stroke.
Severe stroke first aid:
If you think someone is having a stroke, don’t wait to see if the symptoms get worse. Every second counts when it comes to treating a stroke. Time lost can lead to serious brain damage or death.
If someone is having a severe stroke, call 9-1-1 right away and follow these steps:
Loosen tight clothing and help the person into a comfortable position.
If the person is conscious, ask them their name and what day it is.
If the person can’t speak, try to get them to write out their answers.
If they are having a seizure, gently put them on their side and protect their head.
Don’t give the person anything to eat or drink.
If the person is having trouble breathing, call 9-1-1 right away.
Keep track of time so you can tell emergency responders how long the stroke has been going on.
If you think someone is having a stroke and in need of medical attention, call 9-1-1 immediately. If the person has any questions about what’s going on or needs help understanding symptoms, ask them to write down their answers so that they can provide as much information as possible for emergency responders. Strokes are deadly if left untreated, but your quick response could save a life.